Posts for tag: periodontal disease
Periodontal disease (mild to severe gum disease) affects roughly 47.2 percent of American adults. It is one of the major causes of tooth loss in patients. Luckily, it is very treatable in patients who get dental help in the early stages. Know the signs that you may have periodontal disease so that you’ll be prepared to schedule a checkup appointment with a dentist at Colesville Dentistry in Silver Spring, MD.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
There are several different stages of gum disease: mild, moderate, and advanced. The most advanced form of gum disease is called periodontal disease—it can cause mouth pain (especially when you eat or brush) and eventually lead to the loss of teeth. It’s caused by inflammation of the bone and gum tissue from bad bacteria that lives in plaque and tartar buildup. Periodontitis is something that is known to run in families, but it is most often caused by poor dental hygiene—namely lack of regular flossing.
Signs of Periodontal Disease
Open your mouth wide the next time you look in the mirror and take a close look at your gums. Are they pink in color (indicating normal, healthy gum tissue), or do they look red like they’re inflamed? Red, bleeding gums are a clear sign of periodontal disease. In some cases, the gums will become black in color, indicating a potentially more advanced case. Other signs include:
- Bad breath that only worsens with time.
- Detached gums (not supporting the teeth--your Silver Spring, MD, dentist will check the depth of pockets around the teeth).
- Loose teeth.
Periodontal Disease Prevention Tips
You can prevent the onset of periodontal disease symptoms by taking better care of not only your teeth but also your gums. Remember these daily tips:
- Brush two or three times per day to remove buildup from around the outer surfaces of the teeth.
- Floss after each meal and before bed to remove leftover particles and buildup.
- Eat probiotic rich foods, like yogurt, to keep the bacteria in your mouth in balance.
- Schedule regular professional cleanings with your dentist.
Get Periodontal Therapy
Don’t wait—at the first signs of periodontal disease, have your teeth cleaned and examined by a dentist at Colesville Dentistry in Silver Spring, MD. Call (301) 384-6000 today to schedule an appointment with Dr. Gregory Hysong or Dr. Lynda LePore.
Do you frequently experience bleeding gums during your daily brushing routine? You might assume that you are brushing too hard and that this bleeding is normal. However, you should know that any bleeding of gum tissue is abnormal and should be considered a potential sign of gum disease.
Gum tissues usually bleed because of dental plaque buildup from poor oral hygiene practices. When the plaque is left around the gum line for a long period of time, 24 hours or more, the gum tissues respond by becoming inflamed — this can quickly become a chronic inflammation.
Here are some other warning signs of gum disease:
- Bad Breath. Bad breath is one of the most common signs of gum disease. This is especially true for those who do not floss, because plaque collects in the protected areas between the teeth making them especially prone to gum inflammation. This plaque often produces a pungent smell that causes bad breath.
- Red or Sensitive Gums. If you look closely in the mirror, you might see redness of the gums. It may also seem as if your gums are swollen, and in more advanced cases, this can lead to receding gums. Finally, you might notice gum sensitivity when you brush or a sensitivity to hot and cold.
- Tooth Loss. If this disease goes untreated, over time, bone loss will cause loose teeth, movement or migration of the teeth into a new and unstable position, and ultimately tooth loss. The rate of progression will depend upon the type of gum disease that you have.
- Painful Gums. Once you start to feel acute pain and extremely sore gums, this may mean you have developed a periodontal abscess. When this happens, the bacteria are walled off inside a gum “pocket,” and since your body's defenses are overwhelmed, there is a battle between the bacteria in that pocket and your body's defense mechanisms. The result is a collection of pus and extra bone loss. Your gums will be sore, swollen, red and may even discharge pus.
As you can see, the further the disease progresses, the greater the amount of pain and damage that will occur. Therefore, upon the first sign of gum disease, such as bleeding gums, you should schedule an appointment with us immediately.